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Jaxon Hill
Jaxon Hill

Buku Injil Barnabas Pdf: A Comparison and Contrast with the Canonical Gospels and the Quran



What is Buku Injil Barnabas?




Buku Injil Barnabas is a book that claims to be a gospel written by one of Jesus' closest disciples, Barnabas. It tells the story of Jesus' ministry, but with significant differences from the four gospels that are accepted by Christians as part of the Bible. Buku Injil Barnabas is also known as the Gospel of Barnabas, and it has been translated into many languages, such as Italian, Spanish, English, and Arabic.




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Why is Buku Injil Barnabas controversial?




Buku Injil Barnabas is controversial because it contradicts many of the core beliefs of Christianity, such as the divinity, death, and resurrection of Jesus. Instead, it supports some of the teachings of Islam, such as the prophethood of Muhammad, the oneness of God, and the observance of the Jewish law. Buku Injil Barnabas is considered by some Muslims as a proof of the corruption of the Christian scriptures and the truth of Islam, while it is rejected by most Christians as a heretical and fraudulent work.


How did Buku Injil Barnabas come to light?




Buku Injil Barnabas was first discovered in the 18th century by an Italian scholar named Ludovico Marracci, who found a manuscript of the book in Spanish in the Vatican Library. He published a Latin translation and a refutation of the book in 1698. The Spanish manuscript was later lost, but another copy was found in Amsterdam by an Irish priest named John Toland, who published an English translation and a defense of the book in 1717. The original language of the book is unknown, but some scholars suggest that it was written in Arabic or Italian. The oldest and most complete manuscript of the book is in Italian, and it is dated to the 16th century. It is currently kept in the National Library of Vienna in Austria.


What are the main teachings of Buku Injil Barnabas?




The nature of Jesus




Buku Injil Barnabas denies that Jesus is the Son of God or God himself. It portrays Jesus as a human prophet who was sent by God to announce the coming of Muhammad, who is called the Messiah and the Word of God. Buku Injil Barnabas also denies that Jesus was crucified on the cross, but rather that God saved him from his enemies and raised him to heaven alive. It claims that Judas Iscariot, one of Jesus' betrayers, was made to look like Jesus and was crucified in his place.


The role of Muhammad




Buku Injil Barnabas predicts and praises Muhammad as the final and greatest messenger of God, who will bring the complete and perfect law of God to humanity. It quotes Jesus as saying that Muhammad is his brother and successor, and that he will confirm and correct his teachings. It also quotes God as saying that Muhammad is his beloved servant and that he will send him with signs and wonders to guide people to the right path.


The law and the gospel




Buku Injil Barnabas upholds the Jewish law as the eternal and universal will of God for all people. It rejects Paul's doctrine of grace and faith as a deviation from the true gospel of Jesus. It accuses Paul of being a false apostle who corrupted the message of Jesus and led people astray from the law. It also condemns those who eat pork, drink wine, or worship on Sunday as violators of God's commandments.


How reliable is Buku Injil Barnabas?




Buku Injil Barnabas is not reliable as a historical or religious source. It has many internal and external evidences that show its lack of authenticity and accuracy.


What are the internal evidences against Buku Injil Barnabas?




The anachronisms and contradictions




Buku Injil Barnabas contains many historical and geographical errors and inconsistencies with the Bible. For example, it mentions that Jesus was born during the reign of Pontius Pilate, who was actually the governor of Judea when Jesus was crucified. It also mentions that Jesus traveled to Nazareth after his birth, while the Bible says that he traveled to Egypt to escape Herod's massacre. It also confuses some biblical characters and events, such as calling Mary Magdalene Mary the mother of John Mark, or saying that Cain killed Abel with a stone instead of a knife.


The stylistic and linguistic flaws




```html The theological and doctrinal errors




Buku Injil Barnabas misrepresents Christian and Islamic beliefs and practices. It contradicts the core doctrines of both religions, such as the Trinity, the Incarnation, the Atonement, the Resurrection, the Quran, the Sunnah, and the Five Pillars of Islam. It also contains many strange and erroneous teachings, such as saying that Adam was 90 feet tall, that Noah's Ark was made of steel, that Abraham was a Muslim, that Jesus was born in a cave, that Satan was an angel of light, or that paradise is located under the seventh heaven.


What are the external evidences against Buku Injil Barnabas?




The lack of manuscript support




Buku Injil Barnabas has no ancient or reliable copies or witnesses. The oldest and most complete manuscript of the book is in Italian, and it is dated to the 16th century. There are no manuscripts of the book in Greek, Hebrew, Aramaic, or any other language that was spoken by Jesus or his disciples. There are also no fragments or quotations of the book in any other ancient or medieval sources.


The absence of early references




Buku Injil Barnabas is not mentioned or quoted by any early Christian or Muslim sources. None of the church fathers, councils, creeds, or historians ever referred to or acknowledged the existence of the book. None of the companions, successors, scholars, or jurists of Muhammad ever cited or endorsed the book. The earliest reference to the book is in a 16th century Muslim polemical work called Al-Radd al-Jamil by Abd al-Rahman al-Bistami.


The late origin and dubious sources




Buku Injil Barnabas is likely a medieval forgery based on apocryphal and polemical writings. It shows signs of being influenced by other spurious gospels, such as the Gospel of Thomas, the Gospel of Judas, and the Gospel of Mary. It also shows signs of being influenced by other anti-Christian writings, such as the Toledot Yeshu, the Talmud, and the Qur'an. It also shows signs of being influenced by other medieval legends, myths, and superstitions.


How to download Buku Injil Barnabas Pdf?




Buku Injil Barnabas Pdf is a digital format of the book that can be accessed and read online or offline. There are several ways to download Buku Injil Barnabas Pdf from different sources and devices.


Where to find Buku Injil Barnabas Pdf online?




The official website of the book




The official website of Buku Injil Barnabas Pdf is www.barnabas.net. This website hosts the original Italian manuscript and its translations in various languages, such as English, Arabic, Turkish, Indonesian, Malay, Urdu, and Persian. The website also provides information about the history and content of the book. To download Buku Injil Barnabas Pdf from this website, you need to follow these steps:


  • Visit www.barnabas.net on your browser.



  • Select your preferred language from the menu on the top right corner.



  • Click on "Download" on the menu on the left side.



  • Choose your desired format from PDF, EPUB, MOBI, or TXT.



  • Click on "Download" again and save the file to your device.



The alternative websites of the book




If you cannot access or download Buku Injil Barnabas Pdf from the official website for some reason, you can search for other websites that offer free or paid downloads of the book in different formats. Some examples of such websites are:


  • archive.org: This website provides a free download of Buku Injil Barnabas Pdf in English and Arabic.



  • pdfdrive.com: This website provides a free download of Buku Injil Barnabas Pdf in English, Arabic, and Indonesian.



  • amazon.com: This website provides a paid download of Buku Injil Barnabas Pdf in English, as well as a printed version of the book.



The precautions and warnings for online users




Before you download Buku Injil Barnabas Pdf from any online source, you need to be careful and aware of some potential risks and issues. Here are some precautions and warnings for online users:


  • Make sure that the website you are downloading from is trustworthy and secure. Avoid websites that have suspicious or malicious ads, pop-ups, or links.



  • Make sure that the file you are downloading is free of malware, viruses, or other harmful software. Scan the file with an antivirus program before opening it.



  • Make sure that the file you are downloading is legal and ethical. Respect the intellectual property rights and copyrights of the author and publisher of the book.



  • Make sure that the file you are downloading is compatible and readable with your device and software. Use a PDF reader, converter, or editor to open and view the file.



Where to get Buku Injil Barnabas Pdf offline?




The physical copies of the book




If you prefer to read Buku Injil Barnabas Pdf in a printed form, you can order or purchase physical copies of the book from online or local bookstores. Some examples of such bookstores are:


  • amazon.com: This website provides a paid delivery of Buku Injil Barnabas Pdf in English, as well as a digital download of the book.



  • barnesandnoble.com: This website provides a paid delivery of Buku Injil Barnabas Pdf in English, as well as a digital download of the book.



  • tokopedia.com: This website provides a paid delivery of Buku Injil Barnabas Pdf in Indonesian, as well as other books related to the topic.



The digital copies of the book




If you want to read Buku Injil Barnabas Pdf on your devices such as computers, tablets, or smartphones, you can transfer or save downloaded files of the book to your devices. Here are some steps to do so:


  • Connect your device to your computer using a USB cable or a wireless connection.



  • Locate the downloaded file of Buku Injil Barnabas Pdf on your computer.



  • Copy or move the file to your device's storage folder.



  • Disconnect your device from your computer.



  • Open the file on your device using a PDF reader or other compatible software.



The reading tips and tools for offline users




To enhance your reading experience of Buku Injil Barnabas Pdf offline, you can use some tips and tools that can help you with various aspects of the book. Here are some examples:


  • To understand the context and background of the book, you can use a historical or religious dictionary, encyclopedia, or atlas that can provide you with relevant information and facts.



  • To compare and contrast the book with other sources, you can use a Bible or a Quran that can show you the similarities and differences between Buku Injil Barnabas and the canonical scriptures.



  • To analyze and critique the book, you can use a notebook or a journal that can help you record your thoughts, opinions, questions, and comments about the book.



  • To share and discuss the book with others, you can use a social media platform or a forum that can allow you to communicate and interact with other readers and learners of the book.



Conclusion




```html supports some of the teachings of Islam. It was first discovered in the 18th century and has been translated into many languages. It tells the story of Jesus' ministry, but with significant differences from the four gospels that are accepted by Christians as part of the Bible. It denies that Jesus is the Son of God or God himself, and that he was crucified on the cross. It predicts and praises Muhammad as the final and greatest messenger of God, who will bring the complete and perfect law of God to humanity. It upholds the Jewish law as the eternal and universal will of God for all people. It has many internal and external evidences that show its lack of authenticity and accuracy. It contains many historical and geographical errors and inconsistencies with the Bible. It shows signs of poor translation and editing from other languages. It misrepresents Christian and Islamic beliefs and practices. It has no ancient or reliable copies or witnesses. It is not mentioned or quoted by any early Christian or Muslim sources. It is likely a medieval forgery based on apocryphal and polemical writings. Buku Injil Barnabas Pdf is a digital format of the book that can be accessed and read online or offline. There are several ways to download Buku Injil Barnabas Pdf from different sources and devices. The official website of Buku Injil Barnabas Pdf is www.barnabas.net, which hosts the original Italian manuscript and its translations in various languages. There are also other websites that offer free or paid downloads of the book in different formats. Before downloading Buku Injil Barnabas Pdf from any online source, you need to be careful and aware of some potential risks and issues, such as malware, viruses, scams, and legal issues. If you prefer to read Buku Injil Barnabas Pdf in a printed form, you can order or purchase physical copies of the book from online or local bookstores. If you want to read Buku Injil Barnabas Pdf on your devices such as computers, tablets, or smartphones, you can transfer or save downloaded files of the book to your devices. To enhance your reading experience of Buku Injil Barnabas Pdf offline, you can use some tips and tools that can help you with various aspects of the book, such as understanding the context and background, comparing and contrasting with other sources, analyzing and critiquing, and sharing and discussing with others.


FAQs




  • Who wrote Buku Injil Barnabas?



Buku Injil Barnabas claims to be written by Barnabas, one of Jesus' closest disciples, but this claim is not supported by any historical or textual evidence.


  • When was Buku Injil Barnabas written?



The exact date of Buku Injil Barnabas is unknown, but it is likely a medieval forgery that was written sometime between the 14th and 16th centuries.


  • What is the main message of Buku Injil Barnabas?



The main message of Buku Injil Barnabas is that Jesus is not the Son of God or God himself, but a human prophet who announced the coming of Muhammad, who is the Messiah and the Word of God.


  • How does Buku Injil Barnabas differ from the canonical gospels?



Buku Injil Barnabas differs from the canonical gospels in many ways, such as denying the divinity, death, and resurrection of Jesus, predicting and praising Muhammad as the final messenger of God, upholding the Jewish law as the eternal and universal will of God for all people, and containing many historical and geographical errors and inconsistencies with the Bible.


  • Is Buku Injil Barnabas authentic and accurate?



No, Buku Injil Barnabas is not authentic and accurate. It has many internal and external evidences that show its lack of authenticity and accuracy, such as containing historical and geographical errors and inconsistencies with the Bible, showing signs of poor translation and editing from other languages, misrepresenting Christian and Islamic beliefs and practices, having no ancient or reliable copies or witnesses, being not mentioned or quoted by any early Christian or Muslim sources, and being likely a medieval forgery based on apocryphal and polemical writings.


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