Speech On Nazria E Pakistan In Urdu Pdf Download Arquitectura Montana
Speech on Nazria e Pakistan in Urdu and Architecture in the Mountain
Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh. Today I am going to talk about two topics that are very interesting and relevant for our culture and identity: the Nazria e Pakistan (the ideology of Pakistan) and the architecture in the mountain. These are two examples of how we can express our creativity and values in different ways.
Nazria e Pakistan
The Nazria e Pakistan is the concept that the Muslims of India are a distinct and separate nation from the Hindus, Sikhs and other religions, and that they deserve a sovereign state where they can live according to the principles of Islam. This idea was proposed by Allama Iqbal, the poet and philosopher who is considered the spiritual father of Pakistan, and was supported by Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the leader of the Muslim League and the founder of Pakistan.
The Nazria e Pakistan was based on the belief that Islam is not only a religion, but also a way of life, culture, civilization and identity. The Muslims of India had different modes of worship, culture, traditions, values, laws and history from the Hindus and other communities. They faced discrimination, oppression and violence from the Hindu majority, especially after the British colonial rule ended. They feared that they would lose their religious and cultural rights in a united India dominated by the Hindus.
Therefore, they demanded a separate homeland where they could practice their faith freely and peacefully, and where they could contribute to the progress and welfare of humanity. The Lahore Resolution of 1940, also known as the Pakistan Resolution, was the formal declaration of this demand. It was passed by the Muslim League in its annual session held in Lahore on 23 March 1940. It stated that the Muslims of India should be grouped into independent states in the regions where they were in majority or had historical and cultural ties.
The Nazria e Pakistan was opposed by the Congress Party, which wanted a united India, and by some Muslim leaders, who feared that partition would weaken the Muslim community. However, after a series of negotiations, elections, movements and conflicts, Pakistan was finally created on 14 August 1947 as a result of the partition of India. It was a historic achievement for the Muslims of India, who had sacrificed their lives, properties and relations for their dream.
The Nazria e Pakistan is not only a historical fact, but also a living reality. It is the soul of Pakistan, the basis of its existence and the source of its inspiration. It is our duty to uphold it, to protect it and to promote it. We should follow the teachings of Islam in our personal and collective lives. We should respect our diversity and unity as a nation. We should work hard for our development and prosperity. We should stand up for our rights and dignity. We should be loyal to our country and faithful to our vision.
Architecture in the Mountain
Another way to express our creativity and values is through architecture. Architecture is not only a matter of designing buildings, but also a matter of creating spaces that reflect our culture, identity, environment and needs. One of the most challenging and fascinating types of architecture is the one that is done in the mountainous regions. The mountains are places where nature is majestic, beautiful and harsh. They offer amazing views, fresh air and tranquility. They also pose difficulties such as isolation, altitude, climate and regulations.
Therefore, architects who build in the mountains have to overcome these difficulties and adapt to these conditions. They have to use materials that are durable, sustainable and compatible with the landscape. They have to design structures that are functional, comfortable and respectful of the natural surroundings. They have to create spaces that are harmonious, elegant and inspiring.
There are many examples of architecture in the mountain that show these qualities. Some of them are located in Pakistan, while others are located in other countries. Here are some of them:
The Ski Lodge Wolf by Bernardo Bader Architects is a wooden cabin located in Vorarlberg, Austria. It is built on a steep slope with a panoramic view of the Alps. It has a simple shape that follows the contour of the site. It has large windows that let in natural light and frame the scenery. It has a cozy interior that combines modern furniture with traditional elements.
The Chalet C7 by Nicolás del Río + Max Núñez is a concrete house located in Portillo, Chile. It is situated on a rocky cliff overlooking the Inca Lagoon and the Tres Hermanos peaks. It has a cantilevered structure that minimizes its impact on the terrain. It has an open plan that connects the living areas with the views. It has a minimalist interior that contrasts with the rough exterior.
The Alpine Shelter Skuta by OFIS Arhitekti + AKT II + Harvard GSD Students is a modular cabin located in Skuta, Slovenia. It is designed to accommodate climbers and hikers in the extreme alpine environment. It is composed of three units that are transported by helicopter and assembled on site. It has a compact shape that protects it from the wind and snow. It has a functional interior that provides basic amenities and comfort.
The Messner Mountain Museum Corones by Zaha Hadid Architects is a museum located in Kronplatz, Italy. It is dedicated to the exploration and preservation of the mountain culture. It is embedded in the summit of the mountain, with only a few openings that emerge from the ground. It has a fluid shape that follows the topography of the site. It has a spacious interior that displays exhibits, artworks and views.
The Holiday Home in Vitznau by Lischer Partner Architekten Planer is a concrete house located in Vitznau, Switzerland. It is built on a steep hillside with a view of Lake Lucerne and the Rigi Mountain. It has a solid facade that gives it privacy and security. It has large openings that connect it with the landscape. It has a warm interior that mixes concrete, wood and stone.
The Split View Mountain Lodge by Reiulf Ramstad Arkitekter is a wooden house located in Buskerud, Norway. It is designed for a family of four as a holiday home. It has a split structure that adapts to the slope and the orientation of the site. It has a pitched roof that echoes the shape of the mountains. It has a bright interior that features wooden surfaces and furniture.
These are some of the examples of architecture in the mountain that we can admire and learn from. They show us how we can create spaces that are not only beautiful, but also meaningful, respectful and sustainable.
In conclusion, I have talked about two topics that are very interesting and relevant for our culture and identity: the Nazria e Pakistan and the architecture in the mountain. These are two ways to express our creativity and values in different ways. The Nazria e Pakistan is the ideology that defines our nation and guides our actions. The architecture in the mountain is the art that shapes our spaces and enhances our environment. Both of them are important for our present and our future.
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